Archives de l’auteur : visitant

Carrancas do Sertão: Signos de Ontem e de Hoje

This article makes reference to the figureheads, sculptures in wood, used in the boats of the submedium São Francisco River since the late nineteenth century; their representative evolution as Brazilian popular art and mythical meanings; its appropriation by advertising language and the media as icon / symbol of the region and its cultural and commercial importance to the craftwork.*

Text by Elisabet Gonçalves Moreira

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Arte entre véus

Whether through a metaphor or not, many art occur behind veils. Veils look after works that are too sensible to the world, which suffers from the noise and violence, but nonetheless are able to make a statement. Veils also cover pieces of art that only show themselves to us through dedicated attention. When unveiled, these pieces of art allow us to realize what before seemed invisible or buried.

Text by João G. Rizek

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L’agenda inavouable du coup d’État au Brésil

La réflexion sur la crise brésilienne actuelle dans une perspective internationale ne décline pas la responsabilité du gouvernement brésilien pour les erreurs commises. Cependant, la crise n’est pas seulement économique, mais fondamentalement politique, nourrie par une élite qui démontre n’avoir aucun intérêt pour l’avenir du pays et qui n’a jamais accepté sa défaite dans les urnes.

Par Larissa Ramina et Carol Proner

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O dilema alemão: política migratória e segurança nacional

On the last New Year’s Eve some cities in Germany faced a series of assaults towards women in public places. During the following days the repercussion of the matter grew on newspapers and magazines. The perpetrators of the assaults were described as Arab and North African by the victims, which raised the public debate about German immigration policies. Starting from this event, I intended in this article to generally describe the public debate as far as I follow it from Berlin and suggest possible flaws in the German government. I conclude with measures that could prevent cases like the one that happened on New Year’s Eve, protecting women and citizens.

Text by Laura Ammann

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Attentats de Paris : une occasion pour s’engager

Dans cet article, un parisien d’adoption, qui a décidé de rester anonyme, essaie de mettre un peu d’ordre dans la masse d’informations avec laquelle on a été submergés depuis les attentats de Paris du 13 novembre 2015. L’auteur, qui n’est pas un spécialiste du terrorisme ou du Moyen Orient, vise à proposer un « vadémécum » des causes et des solutions pour lui-même et pour ses lecteurs. Cela avec le but de pousser tout un chacun à l’engagement politique, quel qu’il soit, notamment dans des projets qui soutiennent l’intégration multiculturelle, du côté sociologique, et la démocratie directe, du côté plus explicitement politique.

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Education For All in sub-Saharan Africa: A Mirage?

Many sub-Saharan African countries have put great efforts towards the attainment of the goals of Education For All (EFA) as determined and agreed upon at the World Conference on Education For All (WCEFA) held in Jomtien, Thailand in 1990 and re-affirmed in Dakar, Senegal in 2000. This has led to considerable progress in reaching the EFA targets in some countries, including achieving gender parity, at least in primary school; expanding basic education to include additional years of secondary education; and finding a better balance between academic education and technical‐vocational and training. But many serious challenges remain, notably inadequate infrastructure and teacher resources and persistent geographic and socio‐economic disparities which leave many children (girls, the poor, ethnic/linguistic minorities) never enrolled in, or eventually pushed out of, school. Apart from Seychelles, it was elusive or mirage in much of  sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) achieving  the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) for education – ensuring that every child, irrespective of gender, is able to complete a full course of primary school education in 2015.

Text by Victor F. O. Ombati & Alice Masese

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O sonho bom

We went to Zerbini’s studio and there it was, against the wall, the same painting I had seen a month before. It was august and the canvas, according to him, had been there since February. Big landscape canvas, filled with details, obsessively worked on, like other of the equally big and figurative paintings that he does. It seemed to be finished, however as soon as we started our positive considerations regarding the results obtained, our compliments, he interrupted us saying that it was not yet ready. The image lacked total finishing and he was engaged, concentrated, to accomplish the task. In arts, the saying is old : sculptures are easy to start and difficult to finish and paintings, easy to start and difficult to finish.

Texto por Leda Catunda

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Educating for politics

Finland recently published modifications in the structure of public schools. One of the changes was to put an end to the structure of « disciplines », the result of an intense discussion on the long term education of students. Either radical or not the decision, it is important to preserve the critics on the current model of Education, at least in the Brazilian case. The Brazilian model, governed by strict rules of the field of education hinders the humanistic and pluralistic method of learning, instead, there is an excessive concern with the technical training of the student, with the aim to prepare them to evaluation tests (such as FUVEST) for university access. Even this purpose, training for university access, has not been successfully achieved by public schools.

Text by Larissa Barbosa Nicolosi Soares

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A Importância Da Ficção

By Gustave Doré (1832–1883) Héliodore-Joseph Pisan (assistant, 1822-1890) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Gustave Doré (1832–1883), Héliodore-Joseph Pisan (assistant, 1822-1890) [Public domain]

 « I like nonsense, it wakes up the brain cells. Fantasy is a necessary ingredient in living, it’s a way of looking at life through the wrong end of a telescope. Which is what I do, and that enables you to laugh at life’s realities. »

Dr. Seuss
Autor e ilustrador americano (1904-1991)

(« Eu gosto do absurdo, ele acorda as células do cérebro. Fantasia é um ingrediente necessário na vida, é uma maneira de olhar a vida pelo lado errado de um telescópio. Que é o que eu faço, e isso lhe permite rir das realidades da vida. »)

Desde quando se têm civilizações se tem a ficção. Essa pode aparecer tanto nas mitologias da Grécia antiga, como pelos filmes de ficção científica do século XXI, e por maiores alterações que sofra, sempre manterá sua principal premissa: a imaginação e o paralelo com a realidade. A busca por entender tal premissa acompanha a busca para se revelar por que este estilo literário é tão trabalhado e adorado diante de diversos anos e gerações.

Por Julia Porfirio Leite

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A formação em engenharia como exemplo da necessidade de uma renovação humanista do ensino profissionalizante

mau_davinciAlthough the need for a formation in humanities and social sciences in engineering schools has become moot point for many in the training of professionals to address the complexity of today’s challenges, these actions have still been poorly implemented and disseminated. The article presents a humanist ideal for professional education based on the definition of the engineer and on the new models for their formation, taken as an example of a profession that is currently evolving.

Por Maurício Dwek Continuer la lecture