Le procès européen des politiques migratoires

‹‹ K. ›› se réveille un jour, au milieu d’une semaine ordinaire, en étant accusé par un tribunal. Ce tribunal, il ne le connait pas. Et il ne connait pas non plus l’accusation qui est menée contre lui. D’un jour à l’autre, alors, il est passé pendant la nuit ‹‹ d’innocent ›› à ‹‹ condamné ›› sans rien faire; il méconnait qui sont ses accusateurs et les lois qui régissent leurs États. Voici comme le protagoniste de Kafka s’adapte à l’actuelle politique migratoire de l’UE.

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Education For All in sub-Saharan Africa: A Mirage?

Many sub-Saharan African countries have put great efforts towards the attainment of the goals of Education For All (EFA) as determined and agreed upon at the World Conference on Education For All (WCEFA) held in Jomtien, Thailand in 1990 and re-affirmed in Dakar, Senegal in 2000. This has led to considerable progress in reaching the EFA targets in some countries, including achieving gender parity, at least in primary school; expanding basic education to include additional years of secondary education; and finding a better balance between academic education and technical‐vocational and training. But many serious challenges remain, notably inadequate infrastructure and teacher resources and persistent geographic and socio‐economic disparities which leave many children (girls, the poor, ethnic/linguistic minorities) never enrolled in, or eventually pushed out of, school. Apart from Seychelles, it was elusive or mirage in much of  sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) achieving  the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) for education – ensuring that every child, irrespective of gender, is able to complete a full course of primary school education in 2015.

Text by Victor F. O. Ombati & Alice Masese

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O sonho bom

We went to Zerbini’s studio and there it was, against the wall, the same painting I had seen a month before. It was august and the canvas, according to him, had been there since February. Big landscape canvas, filled with details, obsessively worked on, like other of the equally big and figurative paintings that he does. It seemed to be finished, however as soon as we started our positive considerations regarding the results obtained, our compliments, he interrupted us saying that it was not yet ready. The image lacked total finishing and he was engaged, concentrated, to accomplish the task. In arts, the saying is old : sculptures are easy to start and difficult to finish and paintings, easy to start and difficult to finish.

Texto por Leda Catunda

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Educating for politics

Finland recently published modifications in the structure of public schools. One of the changes was to put an end to the structure of « disciplines », the result of an intense discussion on the long term education of students. Either radical or not the decision, it is important to preserve the critics on the current model of Education, at least in the Brazilian case. The Brazilian model, governed by strict rules of the field of education hinders the humanistic and pluralistic method of learning, instead, there is an excessive concern with the technical training of the student, with the aim to prepare them to evaluation tests (such as FUVEST) for university access. Even this purpose, training for university access, has not been successfully achieved by public schools.

Text by Larissa Barbosa Nicolosi Soares

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Entre le rap et la sociologie à la recherche de l’homme postmoderne

Genio futurista, de Giacomo Balla

Genio futurista, de Giacomo Balla

La postmodernité[1] est un sujet très polémique qui permet des innombrables approches. Le sociologue et philosophe Zygmunt Bauman s’est penché sur cette question dans son œuvre La vie en miettes – Expérience postmoderne et moralité, où il essaie de comprendre l’individu postmoderne, si multiple et apparemment si proche de nous. C’est, par ailleurs, la même approche choisie par l’ex-rappeur Benjamin Paulin dans sa chanson L’homme postmoderne[2], où il en présente une définition. Étant ses œuvres dans une relation dialogique[3] très forte, nous allons rapprocher leurs idées pour en dégager leurs conceptions de cet homme. Cet article, qui reste très collé aux deux œuvres, s’organise en 3 axes concernant des aspects différents de leurs descriptions : l’accumulation, le changement et la négativité.

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Los laberintos oníricos de la democracia guatemalteca.

 

En la situación actual de agitación social en Guatemala, la renuncia de la Vicepresidenta de Guatemala, Roxanna Baldetti, con el pedido de más transparencia en el manejo de los asuntos públicos en el país como tela de fondo, marca un hito sin precedentes en este país centroamericano. La velocidad de la democratización, lenta e inconmesurable, va más allá del uso de Internet y del oportunismo – político – de algunos personajes. En plena campaña electoral, este evento no es anodino.

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The forgotten South: Politics and Education in Guyana

Conquering its independence in 1966 from the United Kingdom, Guyana remains a forgotten country in South American political mainstream. While the most part of South American countries present a considerable progress on school enrollment and adult’s illiteracy reduction, Guyana stands at the top of non-school enrollment and adult illiteracy: it has an impressive 572% bigger rate of out-of-school children than Brazil for a 26187.9% smaller population. A common project of a stronger regional political cooperation among South American countries would very likely be profitable to Guyanese domestic scopes and constitutional legal premises. It could be argue that being a country in the Caribbean region, the national de facto detachment from South America would be strategical. We want to show the reasons for this detachment, why it is not strategical, and unveil the colonial roots of this antiquate practice.

Text by Arthur Catraio

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La Perte du Cinéma

Cinema

            Dès la fin du XIX siècle l’art gagne une autonomie vis-à-vis des sujets et des formes de représentation classiques. Au fur et à mesure que l’art devient indépendant des contraintes anciennes la question du sujet devient de plus en plus importante. Les avant-gardes du début du XX siècle ont eu un rôle essentiel dans ce processus. Avec les mouvements sociaux, certains courants artistiques se sont tournés vers des thématiques socio-politiques. En ce moment un questionnement sur comment l’art doit participer de la vie politique est inévitable. La révolution formelle serait-elle en soi un acte politique ?

            Le sujet de la politique dans l’art pourrait être traité partant de l’œuvre de divers artistes, mais cet article se concentre notamment sur la filmographie de Marguerite Duras. L’intérêt pour l’œuvre de cette cinéaste en particulier vient du fait qu’elle déclare la perte du cinéma en tant que solution. Elle se déclare dégoutée par le cinéma qui a été fait (c’est-à-dire le cinéma commercial, hollywoodien) et se met donc à la recherche d’un cinéma de l’ordre de la destruction de son propre langage. Un cinéma raréfié construit à partir d’une grammaire presque primitive[1]. Continuer la lecture

A Importância Da Ficção

By Gustave Doré (1832–1883) Héliodore-Joseph Pisan (assistant, 1822-1890) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Gustave Doré (1832–1883), Héliodore-Joseph Pisan (assistant, 1822-1890) [Public domain]

 « I like nonsense, it wakes up the brain cells. Fantasy is a necessary ingredient in living, it’s a way of looking at life through the wrong end of a telescope. Which is what I do, and that enables you to laugh at life’s realities. »

Dr. Seuss
Autor e ilustrador americano (1904-1991)

(« Eu gosto do absurdo, ele acorda as células do cérebro. Fantasia é um ingrediente necessário na vida, é uma maneira de olhar a vida pelo lado errado de um telescópio. Que é o que eu faço, e isso lhe permite rir das realidades da vida. »)

Desde quando se têm civilizações se tem a ficção. Essa pode aparecer tanto nas mitologias da Grécia antiga, como pelos filmes de ficção científica do século XXI, e por maiores alterações que sofra, sempre manterá sua principal premissa: a imaginação e o paralelo com a realidade. A busca por entender tal premissa acompanha a busca para se revelar por que este estilo literário é tão trabalhado e adorado diante de diversos anos e gerações.

Por Julia Porfirio Leite

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A formação em engenharia como exemplo da necessidade de uma renovação humanista do ensino profissionalizante

mau_davinciAlthough the need for a formation in humanities and social sciences in engineering schools has become moot point for many in the training of professionals to address the complexity of today’s challenges, these actions have still been poorly implemented and disseminated. The article presents a humanist ideal for professional education based on the definition of the engineer and on the new models for their formation, taken as an example of a profession that is currently evolving.

Por Maurício Dwek Continuer la lecture